The course deals with methods for biological, physical and chemical analyses of natural archives for reconstructing climate and environmental changes during the Quaternary. You will learn about qualitative as well as quantitative methods. The course covers both general principles of climate- and environmental reconstructions and selected archives which we will discuss in great detail. Apart from “hands-on” expertise on how to analyze different archives, you will also learn about the statistical treatment and interpretation of proxy data.

Language of instruction



Spring term, period A-B. Study tempo 100%


Competence equivalent to a Bachelor's degree in biology-earth sciences, geography, Earth sciences. Also required is knowledge equivalent to Swedish upper secondary school course English B/English 6.


Application period for spring term: 15 September until 15 October.

• Applications are made via

This also applies to master's students who are going to apply for optional courses within a program.